Reinvigorating Public Plant BreedingProtecting our agricultural genetic diversity and expanding crop diversity is essential to the future viability of family farms, and may offer promising long-term solutions to address climate change and global food security. RAFI’s seeds and breeds work exists to protect our agricultural diversity by addressing some of the systemic policy root causes, such a lack of funding and public support for classical breeding programs. We lead efforts to reinvigorate publicly-held seeds and breeds.
A Century Ago: In 1903 commercial seed houses offered hundreds of varieties, as shown in this sampling of ten crops.
80 Years Later: By 1983 few of those varieties were found in the National Seed Storage Laboratory.**Changed its name in 2001 to the National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation.
Problems• Disappearing agricultural biodiversity • Lack of funding for public breeding • Increasing corporate power/control of seed industry • Climate change and the need for regionally adapted seeds • Lack of public awareness on the issues, root causes, implications and potential solutions Our overall goal is to ensure and expand farmer, business and consumer choices for more diverse and improved public seed variety options that can better respond to rapid climate change and growing new market opportunities. We envision a strong public breeding sector that serves as a viable alternative to GMO driven systems.
Strategy• Advocacy for public policies that support, advance & reinvigorate classical public plant breeding. • Community building, networking and grassroots education designed to bring together plant breeders, advance and promote plant breeding & provide opportunities for collaboration and peer-to-peer learning. • On the ground research including developing a breeding program for the Southeast, working to develop an open source concept and other hands-on activities.
- 2014 Summit on Seeds & Breeds for 21st Century Agriculture: Meeting The Challenges of Food Security
- Breeding for Organic Production Systems
Blog Posts & Action Alerts
- A Friend to Farmers in All Seasons (12/21/2016)
- Bringing (Burt’s) Bees to the Farm (10/31/2016)
- RAFI Partners with Burt’s Bees to Plant 1 Billion Seeds and #BringBackTheBees (8/1/2016)
- Sustainable Agriculture Wins in 2016 Federal Budget (12/17/2015)
- A Renewed Call To Action (9/21/2015)
- Action Alert: Stop the GE “Dark” Act (7/21/2015)
- USDA Stakeholder Workshop on Coexistence of GMO and Non-GMO Crops Held in Raleigh, NC (3/12/2015)
- Growing the Movement in 2015 (12/23/2014)
- Deep Losses Suffered by Sustainable Ag: The 2015 “Cromnibus” (12/17/2014)
- Have We Reached a Tipping Point on the Loss of Seed Biodiversity? (11/4/2014)
Publications & Resources
- Reinvigorating Seeds & Breeds for a More Organic World (Pre-Conference Proceedings to the 18th IFOAM Organic World Congress, Istanbul, Turkey)
- Proceedings of 2014 Summit on Seeds and Breeds for the 21st Century Agriculture
- Organizational Sign-On Letter in Support of Tester’s 2012 Amendment
- AFRI Classical Breeding Analysis & Recommendations (2011)
- Conventional/Classical Plant and Animal Breeding Provisions of the 2008 Farm Bill (2008)
- Summit Proceedings: Summit on Seeds & Breeds for 21st Century Agriculture (2003)
- The Second Report on the State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources (2008). This FAO report provides a comprehensive overview of recent trends in PGRFA conservation and use around the world. It is based on information gathered from more than 100 countries, as well as from regional and international research and support organizations and academic programmes. The report documents the current status of plant genetic resources diversity, conservation and use, as well as the extent and role of national, regional and international efforts that underpin the contributions of PGRFA to food security. It highlights the most significant changes that have occurred in the sector since 1996, when the first report on The State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture was produced by FAO, as well as the gaps and needs that remain for setting future priorities.
- “Plant genetic resources, use them or lose them“, Fact Sheet produced by FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture